Learn How to Protect Your IoT Devices from IoT Attacks

Published Categorized as Guide

Smart technology in the moderst world is evolving fast. Today your fridge can converse with your phone and your thermostat can regulate your home’s temperature without you direct command. This can only lead to the stakes for cybersecurity rising more than ever. But fret not, for we’re here to provide you with the knowledge you need to protect your IoT (Internet of Things) devices against threats of cyber-attacks. So, without further ado, let’s start with the basics.

IoT attacks

Types of IoT Attacks

IoT attacks are one of the worst things to ever happen to your interconnected gadgets. They pose a formidable threat to our digital network. These attacks come in various guises, from the subtle manipulation of device identities to the brute force of overwhelming network traffic. Let’s familiarize ourselves with the most prevalent types:

Device Spoofing

Picture this: a wolf disguised in sheep’s clothing. Device spoofing involves a malicious actor assuming the identity of a legitimate device, masquerading amidst the digital landscape to wreak havoc unnoticed.

Man-in-the-Middle (MitM) Attacks

Have you ever felt like someone was eavesdropping on your conversations? MitM attacks intercept communication between devices. In return, it allows cyber-criminals to snoop on sensitive data exchanges without being detected.

Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) Attacks

This attack is akin to a traffic jam on a road. DDoS attacks flood networks with spurious requests, which paralyzes systems and renders them inaccessible to genuine users.


Pretty much the same as the usual kind, but digital. Threat actors hide in the shadows and remain unnoticed, intercepting and deciphering communications between IoT devices.

Malware Attacks

The silent infiltrators of the digital realm. Malware creeps into IoT devices, commandeering control, and snooping on activities or pilfering sensitive data under the guise of normal operation.

Zero-Day Attacks

The Achilles’ heel of cybersecurity. Zero-day exploits target undiscovered vulnerabilities, leaving devices defenseless against the onslaught of cyber-attacks.

Password Cracking

Weak passwords are the chinks in our digital armor. Hackers exploit feeble authentication mechanisms, breaching defenses with ease.

Firmware Manipulation

A surreptitious alteration of device firmware. Cyber-criminals tinker with the very essence of IoT devices, bending them to their nefarious will.

How IoT Devices Fall Prey to Attacks

Now that we’ve acquainted ourselves with the adversaries, let’s explore the vulnerabilities that pave the path for IoT devices to fall into the clutches of cyber-attacks.

Weak Passwords

It’s akin to leaving the front door unlocked. Default or easily guessable passwords offer a welcoming mat to cyber-criminals, inviting them into our digital abodes with open arms.

Unsecured Cloud Storage

The digital treasure trove left unguarded. Lack of encryption and safeguards in cloud storage provides a lucrative hunting ground for data thieves.

Unpatched Software

Like leaving the back door ajar. Outdated software harbors known vulnerabilities, leaving devices susceptible to exploitation by malicious actors.

Insecure Network Connections

Navigating treacherous digital waters. Public or unsecured Wi-Fi networks serve as breeding grounds for cyber-criminals, facilitating unauthorized access to IoT devices.

Lack of Encryption

Whispers in the digital wind. Unencrypted data travels unprotected through cyberspace, ripe for interception and exploitation by malevolent entities.

Physical Tampering

The unseen hand of sabotage. Physical access to IoT devices opens Pandora’s box, allowing threat actors to manipulate firmware and compromise device security with impunity.

Signs Your IoT Device Has Been Compromised

Our loyal companions in the realm of smart technology may sometimes bear the mark of treachery. Here are the telltale signs that your IoT device may have fallen victim to nefarious machinations:

Abnormal Behavior

Is your device acting out of character? Strange occurrences like spontaneous reboots or unexplained activity could signal a breach of security.

Surge in Network Traffic

The digital floodgates have opened. An unexplained surge in data usage may indicate unauthorized data transfers to malicious entities.

Device or Network Sluggishness

Is your device dragging its digital feet? Sluggish performance or network downtime could be symptomatic of a malware infection wreaking havoc under the hood.

Unfamiliar Emails or Messages

A digital cry for help. Unsolicited password reset requests or suspicious messages could be the first signs of an attempted takeover by cyber-criminals.

Unusual Account Activity

Intruders in the digital realm. Unauthorized access to accounts associated with IoT devices may indicate a breach of security.

Real-Life Examples of IoT Attacks

The annals of cyber-history are replete with tales of dastardly deeds perpetrated against unsuspecting IoT devices. Here are a few cautionary tales to underscore the gravity of the situation:

The Mirai Botnet Attack (2016)

A harbinger of digital chaos. The Mirai botnet ensnared IoT devices using default credentials, orchestrating large-scale DDoS attacks that crippled internet services worldwide.

Vulnerabilities in Medical Devices (2017)

A matter of life and death. Critical medical devices, including pacemakers, fell prey to hacking attempts, highlighting the grave implications of IoT security lapses in the healthcare sector.

Remote Car Hacking (2015)

A highway to disaster. Security researchers demonstrated the vulnerability of IoT-enabled vehicles, showcasing the potential for remote manipulation of essential functions, raising alarms about automotive cybersecurity.

IoT Attacks

How to Better Protect Your IoT Devices

In the eternal struggle against cyber-attacks, knowledge is our most potent weapon. Here are some strategies to bolster the defenses of your IoT devices:

Strong and Unique Passwords

Fortify your digital fortress with robust authentication measures. Replace default passwords with strong, unique alternatives to thwart would-be intruders.

Regular Software Updates

Stay one step ahead of cyber-criminals. Keep your IoT devices updated with the latest software patches and firmware upgrades to mitigate known vulnerabilities.

Disable Unnecessary Features

Less is more in the realm of cybersecurity. Disable unnecessary features and permissions to minimize potential attack surfaces and safeguard your devices against exploitation.

Implement Two-Factor Authentication

Double down on security. Enable two-factor authentication to add an extra layer of protection to your accounts and thwart unauthorized access attempts.

Secure Network Connections with a VPN

Cloak your digital presence in secrecy. Utilize a Virtual Private Network (VPN) to encrypt your internet traffic and shield your IoT devices from prying eyes.

OpenVPN Pi Raspberry Server

If you want to set up an OpenVPN server on a Raspberry Pi, there are a few simple steps that you’d have to follow:

  1. Download OpenVPN Access Server from the official website. Don’t forget to ensure that you have a Raspberry Pi single-board computer.
  2. Install OpenVPN on your Raspberry Pi using either the command-line method or a web-based GUI. You should base your choice purely on your preference and expertise, try not to overcomplicate things for yourself.
  3. Execute the Installation Script by running the following command: “$curl -L https://install.pivpn.io | bash” to install OpenVPN on your Raspberry Pi.
  4. Start the OpenVPN Server using the command: sudo systemctl start [email protected].
  5. Configure VPN Settings and set up port forwarding on your router if necessary for remote access.
  6. Secure Your VPN by implementing encryption and authentication measures to protect your data and devices. And that should do the trick for you.

Don’t forget to check out ForestVPN for better protection. It’s free, so you don’t waste anything by giving it a try.


  1. Are IoT devices susceptible to cyber-attacks?
    Yes, they are. Which is worse, IoT devices often have weak defenses, so they serve as prime targets for cyber-criminals due to their interconnected nature.
  2. How can I protect my IoT devices from attacks?
    There are multiple easy little ways you can improve your security measures. For instance, you can use strong passwords, keep software updated, disable unnecessary features. For some extra protection you can implement two-factor authentication and utilize a VPN to lower your risks to the minimum.
  3. What are some signs that my IoT device has been compromised?
    Common red flags would be: abnormal device behavior, surges in network traffic, sluggish performance, unfamiliar emails or messages, and unusual account activity. These are not the only things that can help you detect hackers, but these signs are the most common ones.
  4. Can real-life examples of IoT attacks help me understand the severity of the issue?
    Most likely, yes. When you know of a real case it’s easier to understand the danger rather than simply hear of a hypothetical situation. Some of the most dangerous examples would be the Mirai botnet attacks and vulnerabilities in medical devices, underscore the critical importance of IoT security and the potential consequences of neglecting it.
  5. How does a VPN enhance IoT device security?
    A VPN encrypts internet traffic, providing a secure tunnel for data transmission and shielding IoT devices from interception by cyber-criminals, thereby bolstering their security posture.

Your Online Security is our priority at ForestVPN